Alternative Water Source Life-Cycle Management Framework

Steve Herman, WaterSMART Solutions Ltd.

Focus on identifying the risks and regulatory barriers to reusing municipal treated effluent for well completions in MSHF. However, consideration will also be given to defining the following sources:

  • Treated municipal or domestic wastewater
  • treated industrial or oilfield wastewater
  • Hydraulic fracturing flowback or produced water
  • Non-saline groundwater that is demonstrated to be economically and technologically impractical to use for drinking water or livestock watering pruposes
  • Impacted non-saline groundwater
  • Saline groundwater
  • Untreated industrial wastewater