Michael D’antoni, GreenPath Energy


The existing emissions factors for Level Controllers are inaccurate and are thus presenting an inaccurate picture for industry and policy makers.  This study will develop accurate emission factors for level controllers and help industry understand the cost pathways for   The 2013 Prasino Final Report on Determining Bleed Rates for Pneumatic Devices in British Columbia (Prasino Study), was the first study to examine both static and dynamic consumption, however the data capture for pneumatic level controllers has shown to be inadequate.

Policy Context


Knowledge Gap

For industry to evaluate the impact of potential policy measures to control air pollutants and greenhouse gases, they need to assess emerging technologies that have not yet been proven for commercial use. To assess the suitability of the technology, industry requires knowledge of the overall reduction potential and cost-effectiveness. To that end, there needs to be abroad understanding of the trade-offs and full environmental life-cycle of each technology (i.e., increased collateral emissions; specifically GHGs, carbon monoxide and unburned hydrocarbons, and additional fuel usage; when using natural gas fired reciprocating engines, etc.) so that a net environmental benefit is achieved through broad technological deployment.